5 Essential Steps for DORA and NIS2 Compliance

4 minutes
5 Essential Steps for DORA and NIS2 Compliance 700X300

Did you know that European companies must follow strict guidelines outlined in the Digital Operational Resilience Act (DORA) and the Network and Information Systems Directive 2 (NIS2) to protect their digital operations?

In today’s digital age, the security of critical infrastructure and data is extremely important. Governments worldwide recognize the importance of protecting these assets and have introduced regulations to ensure companies meet specific security standards.

These rules are important in the tech world and function like a roadmap, making sure companies stay on track. So, let’s dive into five steps that companies can take to ensure compliance with DORA and NIS2: 


Take Inventory of All IT Assets

The foundation of a robust cybersecurity strategy is knowing what you need to protect. Companies must start by taking an inventory of all their IT assets, including hardware, software, data, and network infrastructure. This helps understand the attack surface and potential vulnerabilities. It’s important to document the location, function, and interdependencies of these assets.

Remember, a comprehensive asset inventory is crucial for both security and compliance efforts, as it forms the basis for risk assessments and security policies. 

Improve Cyber Hygiene and Awareness

Employees are often the weakest link in an organization’s cybersecurity defenses. Social engineering attacks, such as phishing and spear-phishing, are common entry points for cybercriminals. To address this, invest in employee training and awareness programs. Regularly educating employees on the latest threats and best practices in cybersecurity can significantly reduce the risk of successful attacks. Training should cover topics such as recognizing phishing attempts, safe web browsing, password security, and the responsible use of company resources.

Ensure Effective Vulnerability Management and Patching

Cybercriminals often exploit vulnerabilities in software and hardware. To comply with DORA and NIS2 standards, companies must implement a robust vulnerability management process. This process involves routine vulnerability scans, assessing the criticality of each vulnerability, and prioritizing patches or mitigations accordingly. It’s crucial to consistently update all systems and software with the latest security patches and updates. Neglecting this can expose an organization to exploitation by attackers who target known vulnerabilities 

Introduce Incident Detection and Response

Even with strong preventive measures, security incidents can still arise. That’s why companies need effective incident detection and response capabilities in place. This includes implementing intrusion detection systems, security information and event management (SIEM) solutions, and establishing an incident response team. These measures help in identifying and responding to security incidents promptly, minimizing potential damage. Complying with DORA and NIS2 requires demonstrating the ability to detect, report, and manage security incidents effectively. 

Develop Effective Security Monitoring and Logging

Compliance with DORA and NIS2 requires robust security monitoring and logging practices. Companies need comprehensive logging systems for all network and system activities, including logs for authentication attempts, system events, and user activities.

Monitoring tools should be in place to actively track network traffic and system behavior for potential signs of suspicious or malicious activity. These logs are not only essential for compliance reporting but are also crucial resources for forensic investigations during security breaches.


Compliance with the Digital Operational Resilience Act (DORA) and the Network and Information Systems Directive 2 (NIS2) is crucial in today’s digital age. These five key steps—asset management, cyber hygiene and awareness, vulnerability management, incident detection & response frameworks, and robust security monitoring practices—are crucial for meeting regulatory requirements. They improve cybersecurity posture and safeguard critical infrastructure and data in today’s digital world.
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Carel Jansen

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Carel Jansen
GRC Platform Consultant
+31 (0)30 76 02 670

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